Uses of BiotinBiotin is an essential vitamin for the human body known as H. It is also called vitamin B or vitamin B-7. It is indicated for hair fall, weak, soft and fragile nails, eczema and skin diseases. In addition to these, It helps in the metabolic process of fat, carbohydrates and acids in the human body. Biotin plays important role in protecting the health of the human brain and maintaining mental balance.
PharmacologyBiotin is involved in a variety of physiological functions, like amino acid catabolism, fatty acid synthesis, and gluconeogenesis. It affects the growth and differentiation of epidermal cells that are related to the formation of hair, skin and nails. Biotin acts as an enzyme for the mitochondrial carboxylases present at the base of human hair and helps to improve the structure of keratin. And for the same reason, if there is a lack of Biotin, hair fall and the fragility of the nails, as well as dermatitis and aciduria, are appeared. So It is a widely used medicine in the treatment of nails and skin including hair fall.
Dosage and AdministrationBiotin dosage may vary depending on the disease and age.
- Adult patients are usually prescribed one to three tablets/capsules per day.
- In the case of children, Biotin deficiency problems often occur early or within two years of age, such as convulsions, senseless, shortness of breath, etc. In these cases, 5 to 10 tablets/capsules can be used daily making powder and mixed with water or fruit juice.
- 0-6 months: 5 mcg daily
- 7-12 months: 6 mcg daily
- 1-3 years: 8 mcg daily
- 4-8 years: 12 mcg daily
- 9-13 years: 20 mcg daily
- 14-18 years: 25 mcg daily
- ≥19 years: 30 mcg daily